Kathy McLaughlin is one of our newest volunteers. Besides excellent organizational, research, and writing skills, she brings to the Tuck Museum lots of good ideas on how to best tell the story of Hampton’s history. Kathy recently donated a collection of antique holiday postcards to the museum and gave a talk on them at the annual meeting of the Hampton Historical Society. Below is a transcription of her program with images of the postcards. (The photo of Kathy is from the Hampton Historical Society’s Victorian Tavernwalk on October 11, 2014. She donned the garb of a late 19th century ‘woman of means’ to portray Marilla Ricker, New Hampshire’s first woman lawyer).
I’d like to show you some postcards from my Aunt Sadie’s holiday postcard collection. She lived in Salisbury, Massachusetts and my family lived in Connecticut. Sadie gave her collection to me when I was in high school, when we were spending the summer vacation with my grandmother in Hampton Falls.
About 40 years later, in 2014, I moved to Hampton. I stopped in at the Tuck Museum to ask about becoming a volunteer. I’m interested women’s history, so Betty Moore, the Director of the museum, started me off indexing the Monday Club scrapbooks. The Monday Club was a women’s organization in Hampton that was in existence for 100 years.
Working in the museum made me think about the postcards, and other family items from the Hampton area, that the museum might like to have in its collection. Betty agreed that the holiday-themed postcards would make a nice addition to the existing postcard collection, and I donated them to the museum.
(1 & 2) The first two postcards are Valentine’s Day cards from the early 1900s. One was hand delivered, probably by the sender. The other was mailed through the postal service with a 1-cent stamp in 1914.
Postcards were used then to send short notes and messages the way we use email and texting today. You can see that these postcards are ornate – embossed, using gold. (3) The same is true of the postcard for Washington’s Birthday. Most postcards at this time were printed in Germany and were of higher quality, as compared with later postcards printed in England and the United States.
(4) The Halloween postcard was mailed in 1917 and postage had gone up to 2 cents.
(5 & 6) Next are two Thanksgiving postcards. On the second postcard you’ll notice the date 1620, which is when the Puritans landed. The first Thanksgiving was 1621. This postcard was made in Germany so it appears they were a bit unclear about US history.
(7) Next is a Christmas card, again embossed and using gold. This card was hand delivered in 1913.
Postcard collecting was a national addiction. In 1908 the post office counted 678 million postcards mailed. This number doesn’t include the postcards that were hand delivered. People collected postcards in shoeboxes, and my Aunt Sadie gave her collection to me in a shoebox.
(8) Next is a New Year postcard, this one from 1912, printed in Germany. It is unique because it was printed using silver ink. (9) And another New Year card.
(10) Here is a birthday postcard, from 1913
(11) And finally a Rally Day card to notify children about Sunday school.
(12) Here is the back of one card to show how easy it was to get mail delivered by the postal service. You see my Aunt’s name and that she lives in Salisbury. There’s no street address.
Other cards in Aunt Sadie’s holiday postcard collection are at the museum to be shared.
Karen Raynes is a Tuck Museum volunteer and trustee of the Hampton Historical Society. The creator of the museum’s herb and flower garden, she recently presented “Mrs. B’s Garden” at the Society’s annual meeting. This is her story:
“My history begins at the Historical Society in 2007 when I was researching information about Marelli’s Market, my family’s store in Hampton, to prepare documentation for placement on the New Hampshire State Register of Historic Places. Betty Moore made available to me much of the information I needed to complete my research. She also has helped me find ways to express my talents at the museum. With her wise advice and never ending energy, she is an inspiration to all of the museums volunteers.
“Mrs. Batchelder’s Garden, affectionately known as Mrs. B’s garden, has been one of those ways I have expressed my interest in Hampton history. This project to create a living, historical tool for learning started in 2011 as a way to bring interest to what an 18th century woman would use to feed, heal, and take care of her family.To fund the project I applied to the Exeter Area Garden Club, and for two years they awarded grants to establish mostly perennial plants in the garden, which is located at the rear door of the Tuck Museum.”
MILITARY REUNION.—– For a considerable time the ex-members of Co. “D,” Third N. H., Volunteers, have contemplated holding a reunion, and the affair came off on Saturday, 22d inst., at the Union House, Hampton, in which town a large number of the original members of the company belonged.
The exercises were of a general character, this being the first occasion of the kind. The most important proceeding was the adoption of measures having for their object the carrying out of a favorite project of many prominent ex-members of the Third Regiment, viz: a Regimental Reunion, in furtherance of which object the following resolutions were introduced and unanimously adopted:
Whereas, it is apparent that a regimental reunion would meet the approval of a large number of the ex-members of the Third N. N. Vols., therefore
Resolved, That a committee of arrangements consisting of one ex-officer of each company, be selected by the Secretary of this meeting.
Resolved, That a meeting of the committee be held in Manchester on the last Saturday in April, 1871, to select a location and perfect arrangements for a regimental reunion during that year.
Resolved, That General John Bedel, the original Major of the Third, (in which capacity he endeared himself to every member of the regiment by his uniform kindness and courtesy in camp, and commanded their respect by his unflinching bravery in times of danger), be invited to deliver an address at the regimental reunion, and that he be requested to communicate with, and invite to be present, the ex-members of the field and staff of the regiment.
Resolved, That each member of the committee be notified of his appointment by the Secretary of this meeting, and furnished with a copy of these resolutions.
JOHN M. MALLON, Secretary.
The company enjoyed one of those dinners for which the Union House is so famous, spent an hour or two in social converse and “fighting their battles o’er again,” and departed for their homes well pleased with the Co. “D” reunion, and confident of meeting some hundreds of their comrades at the regimental gathering, next year.
December 2, 1870
FOUND.—- Says the Portsmouth Times—-Messrs. Smith and Whittier of the Union House at Hampton, have been making great improvements in the stables connected with their hotel, and while moving a large grain box a few days since the workmen found a valuable gold watch and chain, which had evidently been hurriedly thrown underneath the box. Messrs. S. & W. immediately recognized it as the property of Judge Morrill of Austin, Texas, who, with his family, occupied rooms at the house last summer. The watch and chain, which are valued at about $200, were stolen from their rooms, while they were out playing croquet one day in August. Mrs. Morrill missed the valuables and there was such a lively hunt made for them that the thief probably put his plunder out of sight in all possible haste, and never dared try to recover. The proprietors are well satisfied that they know who he is.
[Note: Amos Morrill (August 25, 1809 – March 5, 1884) was a United States federal judge.Born in Salisbury, Massachusetts, Morrill graduated from Bowdoin College in 1834 and read law to enter the Bar in 1836. He was in private practice in Murfreesboro, Tennessee from 1836 to 1839, in Clarksville, Texas from 1839 to 1856, and in Austin, Texas from 1856 to 1868. On June 9, 1847, Amos Morrill purchased the property The Grove (Jefferson, Texas) and built a log cabin there, which he used during his time in Jefferson. Morrill sold the property to Caleb Ragin and his wife Sarah on March 20, 1855. He was a Justice of the Texas Supreme Court from 1868 to 1870, returning to private practice in Austin, Texas from 1870 to 1872. On January 18, 1872, Morrill was nominated by President Ulysses Grant to a seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas vacated by Joel C. C. Winch. Morrill was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 5, 1872, and received his commission the same day. He served in that capacity until his retirement, on October 18, 1883. After his retirement, Morrill remained in private practice in Austin until he died there in 1884.]
February 20, 1880
Hampton, Feb. 17. –
A gentleman stopping at the hotel, a short time since, who was an extensive traveller and very sociable, soon got into an animated conversation with several present, whom he greatly interested from his accumulated stock of useful knowledge. Among other things, he stated that he had visited every town in the New England states. One of our citizens who always keeps an eye on the glass ware, and had intently and quietly listened, stepped forward, and said he : “Mr., were you ever in Pagetown?” This seemed to nonplus the gentleman amidst the roar of laughter which followed, and he spiritedly acknowledged that there must at least, be one town in the old Granite State that he hadn’t seen.
JUNE 4, 1880
Hampton, June 1. — Mr. O. H. Whittier, proprietor of the Union house has thoroughly renovated his stable, and is now finished in a neat and tasty manner with a view to convenience, health and comfort for horses.
It is light, airy, and perfectly ventilated, without causing a draft of air past the horses head, as is commonly the case in most stables. It is pronounced by competent judges to be the best stable in every particular between Portland and Boston.
His carriage wash-room has not excaped notice and is a model affair. In fact the house with all its connections has been put in excellent condition for the accommodation and comfort of summer boarders.
Considering the location, with the many advantages, its grassy lawns, and beautiful shade trees, with O. H. Whittier, Esq., its accomplished landlord and Mr. A. J. Batchelder its obliging clerk, we unhesitatingly claim it to be unsurpassed by any country hotel in the New England states.
June 25, 1880
Hampton, June 21. –
The beach travel has commenced in good earnest. All of the hotels at the beach have some guests. Things begin to have a lively appearance. Mr. Whittier, the popular proprietor of the Union hotel, has his usual number of guests. This is one of the best kept hotels, and one of the pleasantest situated in any town between Boston and Portland. Mr. Whittier is a man ever pleasing to all who come under his hospitality. He also has the very best of help, and everything is done up in apple pie order.
The private boarding houses will soon have their complement, every room being engaged. Mr. John J. Leavitt has made improvements, and the residence of E. J. Hobbs has been improved. Here the popular boarding mistress, Mrs. E. S. Leavitt, makes everyone feel at home.
AUGUST 20, 1880
Hampton, August 17. –
Mr. O. H. Whittier, proprietor of the Union House, gave his numerous guests a rare treat in way of a delicious clam bake on Saturday afternoon last, on the lawn adjoining the house.
In the evening the house was made resplendent by over two hundred Chinese lanterns suspended around the broad piazzas and triangularly across the street. Brilliant fireworks were displayed during the evening, while the jovial crowd danced to the splendid music of Edney’s quadrille band.
Interspersed was singing by several of the lady guests. Mr. Whittier has had a full house for nearly two months and has turned away a large number whom he was unable to accommodate.
Our first ever Viking Day at the Tuck Museum was held on Saturday, April 26, 2014. The dreary rain kept the crowds at home, but our Vikings gave the few hardy souls who did attend a wonderful learning experience about Viking culture and weaponry that they will not soon forget.
The group responsible for the day is called Draugar Vinlands, which means “Ghosts of Vinland,” in honor of the brothers Leif and Thorwald Erikson, the intrepid Viking adventurers who sailed to Iceland, Greenland, Markland, and Vinland in the 10th century AD.Draugar Vinlands is comprised of Viking History enthusiasts dedicated to the study and implementation of the sword and shield fighting techniques of the Viking age. They are not “reenactors,” rather, they use the term “living history combatants.” The only discernible difference between them and those they strive to emulate is that their weapons are not sharp. You can learn more about this group at their website draugarvinlands.com. We hope they will help us make Viking Day at the Tuck Museum an annual event.
Their hive had been invaded by bees from a foreign stall, one that Bachiler had promised to deliver to John Winthrop, Jr. in Ipswich. It was a gift from Winthrop’s father in law, presumably Reverend Hugh Peters of Salem, the stepfather of Winthrop’s second wife Elizabeth Reade.
Suffering from a dearth of nectar, the “thievish” Winthrop bees “hath robbed & spoiled” Bachiler’s beehive. The raid delayed the delivery, and prompted Bachiler to write a letter to Winthrop to report the problem.
In the same letter, dated October 9, 1638, he advised Winthrop that he had found a “reasonable meet place” at Winnacunnet plantation and intended to begin its settlement the following week. “Our hope and desire,” he continued, “is to have your help & our christian friend Mr. [Simon] Bradstreet…that we may lay some foundation.”
Had it not been for the rogue bees, “as the manner of bees is,” Bachiler would have delivered them to Winthrop, and in so doing would have relayed his plans for settlement in person, depriving Hampton of some of the details of its founding.
(excerpt from my upcoming book, The Mark of Goody Cole.)
A beautiful, photographic replica of Stephen Bachiler’s letter to John Winthrop, Jr. can be viewed at the museum as part of the “Founding Hampton” exhibit.
-Cheryl Lassiter, 2013
Just over a week ago, the museum was in a flurry of activity; in the kitchen we were printing our November newsletter, in the research area we were coordinating our membership dues notices and our 2014 member appeal letters for the annual mailing. We do one massive mailing a year to catch any address changes. Getting all 400 letters assembled with all the bits and pieces, then matching letters to corresponding address labels is quite a job even with mail merge. Once that mailing hits the post office we all breathe a sigh of relief – until next November.
Reading the November newsletter will make you tired! It contains a compilation of all the committee reports from the October annual meeting. The President’s letter shows the latest rendering of the proposed addition to the museum. My letter highlights all that we did last year for the 375th year-long celebration. The Building and Grounds article has a picture of the renovated schoolhouse. The list of all those people who volunteer in some fashion for the Society is really impressive. (You can access all our newsletters on our website ).
Out in our workshop, volunteers worked repairing and painting the Mace skiff that was donated to the museum in September, getting it ship-shape to be on our float in the Hampton Christmas Parade. Inside, where it is much warmer, we worked on cataloging recent acquisitions: a collection of toys used by the Edgerly family; some antique quilts, a stunning cloak and Windsor chair from the Sanborn-Thomson family; women’s undergarments, a quilt, daguerreotypes and books through the Smith family line; and deeds and receipts from the Mace family.
Visitors to the museum included descendants of Stephen Bachiler and Timothy Dalton. We fielded phone calls from California from other Bachiler descendants looking for information and planning a 2014 visit.
Christmas came early with the delivery of our new color printer/copier/scanner. This machine gives us the ability to do so many projects in-house and pulls us into the digital age. We have relied on hand-me down copiers for as long as I have been at the museum (25 years!). Now we can print our own newsletters, posters and brochures, scan oversize documents and use its OCR (optical character recognition) capabilities. It is thanks in part to a donation in memory of Olga Casassa and Hazel Simonds by the Casassa family that we were able to purchase this equipment. We waved a fond farewell as the old copier was rolled out the door.
No two days at the Tuck Museum are ever the same. We wouldn’t have it any other way.
by Cheryl Lassiter
Goodwife Unise Cole (c. 1600-1680) is a legendary figure throughout the seacoast towns of New Hampshire. She lived in Hampton, New Hampshire when it was still a town of the Massachusetts Bay colony. Married to a man much older than herself, childless, ill-tempered and shrewd, she was a bane to her neighbors. Over a 35-year period they repeatedly complained of her behavior and three times accused her of witchcraft. She was place under bond, fined, set in the stocks, whipped at least twice, and held in the Boston prison on and off for years. After her husband died, the court took her house and land and made her a ward of the town, which constantly sought to have her returned to prison. Some of her problems may have stemmed from her childlessness, as each fresh round of witchcraft accusations involved children in some way. As the prosecutor in her 1673 trial noted, “It was her design formerly to insinuate herself into young ones.“
1. What was Goody Cole’s birth name and when/where was she born?
We’ll never know the answers to these questions with absolute certainty, but, based on my discoveries in the records of St. Dunstan’s Anglican Church, Stepney, Middlesex, England, her birth name was Giles. Unise may have been born in County Sussex in 1597 (female Geales), Norfolk in 1597 (unknown Gyles), Devon in 1598 (female Giles), Lancashire in 1601 (unknown Gyles), or none of these.
2. When did she marry William Cole?
Of the more than 100 marriages of Englishmen named William Cole between 1600-1636, only one of them had a bride with the unusual name of Eunice, or, as the parish priest wrote it, “Eunica.” This woman married William Cole at St. Dunstan’s on February 2, 1634/5. Note that the image below says “1634.” But that was back in the day when March 1 was the first day of the new year, and February was the twelveth month. Hence the modern notation, “1634/5.”
3. Why do you spell Goody Cole’s first name with a “U” – as in Unise?
“Unise” was how Samuel Dalton, the Hampton justice, always spelled her name. Also, on the only document known to bear her personal mark, the scribe spelled her name as “Unice.” Close enough!
4. How many times was Unise accused of witchcraft?
During her heyday, probably once a day by her long-suffering neighbors! Officially, she was indicted by a court of law three times: in 1656, 1673, and 1680.
5. Was Goody Cole hanged?
Just like today, sentences of death were a big deal in the 17th century. Only the court in Boston could pass such a sentence, and only after a jury had found the accused person guilty of a capital crime. Witchcraft, of course, was a hanging crime, and in May 1656, just months before Goody Cole’s first trial, Mistress Ann Hibbins of Boston was found guilty of witchcraft (on the flimsiest of evidence). She was hanged the following month.
Since Unise was sentenced to corporal punishment and imprisonment, we might conclude that she was not convicted of the crime at her first trial. Some historians think that the magistrates’ shocking decision to execute the obviously innocent Ann Hibbins caused the people to think twice, and as a result those who were accused after her were treated less harshly. However, during the same period Quakers received brutal treatment at the hands of the Puritans: cut off ears, slit noses, tongues bored with hot irons…besides the usual whippings and hangings at the Boston gallows. And what about the three Quaker woman who were whipped through the towns three months after Unise’s 1656 trial, half-naked, tied to the “cart’s tayle” (Hampton has the infamy of having been one of those towns)? To say that overt brutality shocked the populace into handing out lesser punishments doesn’t quite ring true…unless anything short of death was then considered “lesser punishment.”
Some records from Unise’s 1656 trial no longer exist, so we will never know what verdict the jury handed down. My current opinion is that she was convicted, punished, and imprisoned for a lesser crime – yet, they did find the damning witch-marks on her body, which always makes me wonder, why wasn’t she put to death for a witch? I’m keeping my mind open on the subject.
The jury in her second trial in 1673 found her not “legally guilty,” but by God they vehemently suspected her of having had “familiarity with the Devil.” And back to Hampton she went, free as a bird.
In 1680, Unise died before they could hold a trial.
6. What witch-marks did they find on Unise?
In 1656 Unise was whipped. As the constable stripped off her blouse to whip her, below her left breast he saw a suspicious-looking “teat.” A jury of women was hastily assembled to inspect the rest of her body. They discovered a place on her legs that was a conjunction of veins all matted together. Sounds like varicose veins, doesn’t it? The “teat” must have been a supernumerary nipple, which is more common than you think…google Mark Wahlberg, he has one. Unfortunately for people like Unise Cole, such naturally-occurring imperfections were signs of witchery in the 17th century.
7. How many years did Unise spend in prison? How many times was she whipped?
During the quarter century encompassing 1656 – 1680, she spent about 13 years in the Boston prison. She was whipped at least two, and perhaps three, times. The first time was at Salisbury in 1656, the second (supposed) time at Boston in 1657, and the third time at Hampton, probably in 1661. Since we’re on the subject of corporal punishment, she was also set in the stocks for 1/2 hour at Hampton in 1645.
8. Did Unise Cole have children?
No. But wouldn’t it be fun to write a story in which she bears the bastard child of Hampton minister John Wheelwright? In the TV version, the child resurrects in the 21st century to save the town from his immortal, evil mother who wreaks revenge in the modern day on the town that did her wrong. Move over Vampire Diaries and Sleepy Hollow, FX here I come!
9. Did Unise Cole live in a shack near the Hampton river?
No. Near as I can tell, the 19th-century poet John Greenleaf Whittier was the first to place her at the riverbank in his poem, Wreck of Rivermouth. The dull fact is that Unise lived in the center of the village, somewhere near the meeting house, probably on the town’s alms lot.
10. Did Unise have a magic well near the river?
No. That appears to be a 1938 creation of the Goody Cole Society, made up for the 300th anniversary celebration of Hampton’s founding. I’ve written a special section at the end of my upcoming book, The Mark of Goody Cole, about their role in the tercentenary, culminating in the symbolic burning of Unise’s “ashes” (copies of the old trial documents) on Goody Cole Day. By the way, those ashes are on display in their original container at the Tuck Museum. Go see ‘em, and while you’re there, visit the new marker next to the iconic Goody Cole rock on the museum green. The marker was placed through the efforts of musician Robert McClung and unveiled at the close of the 375th celebration in August 2013.
11. When did Goody Cole die?
October 24, 1680. By law, the town clerk was obliged to record all births, deaths, and marriages in the town records. Henry Dow (my favorite Hampton Puritan!) was the clerk at the time. He kept pretty good records…except in Unise’s case. While the vital statistics of the other townspeople were written down in neat columns, Henry scribbled the notice of Unise’s death on a page of Norfolk County tax rates. He also wrote it in his coded journal, shown below (Henry Dow’s diary (photocopy), Hampton Historical Society Archives).
12. Did they drive a stake through her heart when they buried her?
No. In the 17th-18th centuries, by law those persons who committed suicide were buried by the highway with a stake in the grave to alert all who passed by of the profound sin of self-murder. I have theories that 1) this was the genesis of the modern method of destroying once-and-for-all the evil undead, and 2) that Unise may have committed suicide shortly after she was arrested for the third time on charges of witchcraft.